It is one of the most emblematic streets in Barcelona.
Until the beginning of the 18th century, the Rambla was merely a path beside a stream running between convents on one side and the old city walls on the other. It was in 1704 that the first houses were built on the site of the old city walls, the area where the Boqueria market now stands, and the first trees were planted. In 1775 the old city walls by the Drassanes, or medieval shipyards, were demolished and a few years later a road was laid turning that part of the Rambla into a tree-lined avenue.
From the upper end, which runs into Plaça de Catalunya, to the lower end below the Columbus monument, this unique street in fact bears five names, each describing a section of the street. First, there is the Rambla de Canaletes, because of the Font de les Canaletes fountain, found there since ancient times: folk tradition has it that anyone who drinks from this fountain will keep returning to Barcelona.
The next section of the Rambla is known as the Rambla dels Estudis, after the mid-15th century building of that name, the Estudi General or University. The university was suppressed by Philip V and the building used as a barracks. In 1843 it was demolished. Continuing down towards the sea you come to the stretch known as the Rambla de les Flors, the only place in 19th-century Barcelona where flowers were sold and which even today preserves its old special charm. It was also known as Rambla de Sant Josep in the past after the convent of the same name. Next comes the Rambla del Centre, also known as the Rambla dels Caputxins, because of the Capuchin convent that used to be there. Finally, there is the stretch called the Rambla de Santa Mònica, giving access to the port, called after the parish church there, previously a convent of the Discalced (barefoot) Augustinians.
The Barcelona Cathedral
The earliest origins of Barcelona Cathedral date back to a basilica with three naves, destroyed by Al-Mansur in 925. The remains of this basilica can be seen at the City History Museum. Around 1046, Bishop Guislabert pushed for the construction of a new cathedral. There are hardly any references to this cathedral. It is believed to have occupied part of the Gothic building but all that has been preserved is Romanesque.
The basilica today
Building work began in 1298, when Bernat Pelegrí was Bishop and Jaume II, known as "The Just", was on the throne. The Santa Llúcia Chapel, built in a late Romanesque style, already existed. Construction was very slow: the Crypt of Saint Eulalia and the choir-stall are from the end of the 14th century; the cloister from the 15th century and the retrochoir and the organ from the 16th century. The façade was finally finished in the early 20th century, by the architects Josep Oriol Mestres and August Font i Carreras, based on an early 15th century design by the French architect Mestre Carlí. Rather than Catalan Gothic, the style is Nordic Gothic The façade is 70 metres high and crowned with an image of Saint Helena, by the sculptor Eduard Alentorn.
In the cloisters, for Corpus Christi, there is a typically Barcelonian custom, l'ou com balla: an egg (ou) is put into the jet of water in the cloister garden fountain to make it "dance". There is also a pond with thirteen white geese. Always thirteen, because that is how old Saint Eulalia was when, according to legend, she was martyred.
You will not find a church like it in the world! The Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family (Sagrada Família), Antoni Gaudí's best known work, is still unfinished but work continues with donations from private individuals as well as public bodies.
Visitors to the Sagrada Família Museum can see the whole project, with Gaudí's plans and models, and it is interesting to see how it will look when finished. In recent years, building work has advanced at a good pace, so Gaudí's dream should soon finally be realised. He was unable to continue working on it because he died, on 10 June 1926, from injuries he received when he was knocked down by a tram at the junction between Gran Via and Carrer de Bailèn. During his lifetime, the Passion façade was completed and he left sketches for the rest of the cathedral.
In recent years, sculptures by Josep Maria Subirachs have been added to the Passion façade and work has progressed on the naves and transept, including the columns, choir stalls and upper windows, which provide the light.
Casa Mila, La Pedrera
will not find another house like it in the world! The civil building emblematic of modernism was criticized at the time of its construction, but today is one of the most admired buildings of the city.
At Casa Mila, also called La Pedrera, very closely you can see the interior design of Antoni Gaudí. The whole building is a gem that mimics natural forms: façades, windows, doors, stairs, walls and stays with its original furniture, a dream world.
Casa Batllo is one of Barcelona's most visited houses in their own right, very original building in shape, color and decoration. What had to be the reform of the facade of the house Batlló particular ended up being the most poetic and sensitive works of Gaudí. The project, he added the double attic, staircase and interior decoration. The result was an architectural expression associated forever Barcelona ..
find all the information to prepare the visit the website of the Casa Batllo. This house is built in the so-called Apple of Discord, where prominent architects wanted to make a mark with your personal style.
No just find a park in the world! This marvel of architecture in the middle of nature created by Antoni Gaudí was commissioned by Count Güell to project an elegant residential area with single-family residences. It is now a public park, a world heritage city, another wonder that houses Barcelona. Do not miss it, it will be amazing.
When you visit, enter through the grand staircase led by a dragon decorated technique Trencadís (mosaic with pieces of pottery, typical of modernist aesthetics) and is one of the most iconic images of Barcelona. The park, which originally was called Park Guell-is organized around a central square enclosed by a bank wavy coated Trencadís . Under the square is a room with 86 Doric columns like a great forest, roads and viaducts on columns with inclined ways, in short, architecture and nature come together in the work of Gaudí.
Palau de la Música Catalana
This theatre, or concert hall, is one of the most fascinating architectural jewels of the Modernista movement, a must see if you are in Barcelona.
The Palau de la Música Catalana was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997. It is the work of the great Catalan architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner (1850-1923).
This Modernista building celebrated its first centenary in 2008, after a recent restoration and expansion, bright and as freshly polished as the day it first opened its doors, but with more halls for concerts and renovated and enlarged installations.
There is no rival to the fantastic decor you will find in the Palau's historic concert hall. You will be enchanted with its exquisiteness. In fact, artists are awestruck when they perform here. If you take a guided tour of the auditorium, you are bound to take great pleasure in all the decorative details.
The interior of the building is one of the best examples of the Modernista style, as it uses an impressive quantity of polychromatic materials (ceramic mosaics, coloured glass). The floral theme and the figures with mosaic bodies and relief busts are the work of Eusebi Arnau. To the left of the stage stands a stone arch sculpted by Pau Gargallo, which depicts Catalan traditional song personified in the figures by Josep Anselm Clavé and the maidens in Les flors de maig (The Flowers of May). On the other side, the right-hand arch evokes international music, with the bust of Beethoven and a depiction of Wagner's The Flight of the Valkyries.
The Palau de la Música was created as the residence and concert hall of the Orfeó Català, an important choral society founded by Master Lluís Millet a few years before that, over the years, has played an important role in the revival of Catalan folk music.
Visits to the Palau de la Música Catalana
The Palau de la Música Catalana organises daily visits to the Modernista concert hall, as well as, when free, to the Sala Lluís Millet and the Sala de Música de Cambra (Chamber Music Hall). Admission is limited: 55 people per visit. Tickets go on sale one week before the day of the visit. You are recommended to buy them well in advance. Reservations will not be taken.
Santa Maria del Mar
The oldest documentary reference to Santa Maria del Mar found so far dates back to the year 998. The church we see today is the work of the architect Berenguer de Montagut. Building did not start until 1329, and continued for more than half a century. In 1428, as a result of an earthquake that shook Barcelona, a large rose window was broken. It was quickly replaced by another in the "flaming" Gothic style popular at the time, which was completed in 1460. The reason for building the church seems to have been the conquest of Sardinia, which completed the Catalan domination of the Mediterranean that had begun 100 years previously with the conquest of Mallorca. At its height, Sicily and Greece were also ruled by the House of Barcelona. Santa Maria would have been the place of worship for the workers in the Ribera neighbourhood, as the ruling class and the well-off had the cathedral.
Magic Fountain of Montjuic
It is the result of the inspiration of the engineer Carles Buigas (son of Gaietà Buigas , the architect of the monument to Columbus), who devised a new type of power source where the artistic element is the changing forms of water. The Magic Fountain is one of the last works to be carried out in the grounds of the Universal Exhibition of 1929. The project was completed with waterfalls and fountains fill the Maria Cristina Avenue.
The key element of the project was the monumental fountain, situated on a platform that is raised halfway to the National Palace at the end of the ride and that makes backdrop with the stairs-and the source of the Plaza de Espanya, where there was a large square, where 1919 were lifted four Puig columns, symbolizing the four bars the flag, and destroyed in 1928 during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera. In 2010 got a new a few meters from the original location.
The Magic Fountain was spoiled during the Civil War and did not return to work until 1955, when it Buigas architect fixed it. After a couple of repairs to incorporate music and visual spectacle, in the nineties it became a thorough renovation to modernize facilities, hitherto very artisanal.
HOURS ILLUMINATION MAGIC FOUNTAIN(MONTJUIC FOUNTAINS)
Where: FONTS DE MONJUIC
Address: Pl Carles Buïgas, 1
The Magic Fountain has choreographed music lasting 10 to 14 minutes combining musical fragments. And also you can enjoy songs last for 3 to 4 minutes offered between choreography. During the season of spring-summer 2013 at the Magic Fountain sound great successes of 2012 remix music nineties, operettas, classical music, songs of the eighties soundtracks comics, Disney music, movie soundtracks , Spanish classical music and the singing of the flag, among others.
From January 7 to February 14: CLOSED
From February 15 to April 30: Friday and Saturday from 19:00 h to 21:00 h
From May 1 to September 30: from Thursday Sundays from 19:00 h to 21:00 h
From October 1 to January 6: Friday and Saturday from 19:00 h to 21:00 h
La Boqueria market
La Boqueria market is a festival of colours, flavours, aromas and life you will not find anywhere else in the world, a real show you just have to see. It is an attractive, picturesque showcase for Barcelona and Catalan gastronomy, with local produce and exotic items from around the world.
La Boqueria was chosen as the world's best market in 2005 at the biennial World Congress of Public Markets, held in Washington in 2006. You can find it in the middle of the Rambla, the most popular and touristy of the city's avenues, and you could include it on any of your visits to the centre of Barcelona. They say what you cannot buy there, you cannot buy anywhere in the world. The best market in the world: are you going to miss it?
A little about the market's history
There were already reports in 1217 of peasants selling their products on the Pla de la Boqueria, outside one of the gates in the old city walls that skirted the Rambla. It was a good spot to sell things and farmers still sell their products on a little open square next to the market today.
It is also known as the Sant Josep market because it was built on the site of a Barefoot Carmelite convent, the Sant Josep church, and later incorporated the land of the Jerusalem convent. Like the nearby Gran Teatre del Liceu or Plaça Reial, it resulted from the sale of Church lands decreed by the Liberal government of 1835. The original idea was to build a large neo-classical arcade like the one leading into the Plaça Reial but the municipal architect Josep Mas i Vila finally decided to build a permanent covered market based on an iron structure.
Santa Caterina market
The new Santa Caterina market is very near Barcelona Cathedral on Avinguda de Francesc Cambó. Since being refurbished, it has become one of the new temples of Catalan gastronomy, a market with a lot of charm and a wide range of produce. Since it re-opened, it has had a very positive influence on the surrounding area and been a driving force behind the transformation of the Sant Pere neighbourhood and local retail trade.
Designed by Enric Miralles and Benedetta Tagliabue, the building has a modern, spectacular shape, while the interior is very bright. The exterior is covered with wood and the ceiling with a ceramic mosaic in the colours of fruit and vegetables.
El Barrio Gotic
This itinerary is based on a geographical organization to facilitate their travel.
We have defined a space (the Roman city) and we divided into smaller places, with to organize coherently the high density of buildings and monuments of great artistic legacy of our history.
This core of the city has undergone many changes over time. For this reason, we can find a 1995 sculpture of a building next to the tenth century
There are buildings that have undergone several renovations and, therefore, have important or characteristic elements from different eras. In these cases, the color used to indicate a particular building is the one corresponding to the stages of which is more representative, for example: the Cathedral is indicated by the color blue, representative of the Gothic, and the green, representative of XIX-XX centuries.
You should really visit the exhibitions at Barcelona's magnificent museums, especially where you are interested in the theme of the collection. We highlight some of the best-known.
Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya
Considered to have the best collection of Romanesque art in the world, the National Art Museum of Catalonia (MNAC) also has a good collection of Gothic, Baroque and Renaixentista (19th century Catalan) art. In addition, it houses the Cambó Bequest and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection, some modern art, plus collections of photographs and coins. This impressive artistic collection is kept at the Palau Nacional de Montjuïc, a landmark building of the 1929 International Exhibition. A must for your stay in Barcelona.
Museu Picasso de Barcelona
The place to go to learn about Pablo Ruiz Picasso's formative years. The Picasso museum opened in 1963 and has a collection of over 3,800 items. You can enjoy the work of this universally admired painter from Malaga thanks to this magnificent collection, which has spread to various medieval mansions on the delightful Carrer de Montcada, in the Ribera neighbourhood. An essential visit if you want to enjoy the magnificent buildings of the museum and this part of the city.
Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona
Set in a modern building designed by Richard Meier, this profusion of contemporary art brings life and culture to the whole Raval neighbourhood. The Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art (MACBA), is one place you should not miss. Every aspect of the museum is interesting: its magnificent art collection; the impressive white building, in marked contrast to its surroundings; the landscape and human aspect, impregnated with Raval's multicultural spirit. When you visit MACBA, you can also go to the nearby Barcelona Centre of Contemporary Culture (CCCB).